Diabetes Risks and Care Management

December 09, 2019

Diabetes is a scary word. If your doctor tells you that you have diabetes or that you are in danger of developing diabetes, try to take a deep breath, and remain calm. You may know someone who frequently tests their blood sugar levels or takes insulin shots. Or someone who has serious health complications from their diabetes, including amputations, heart problems, or vision impairments. This does not have to be you!

First, let us discuss the facts. 

There are several different types of diabetes-Type 1, Type 2, Gestational Diabetes, monogenic diabetes, and cystic-fibrosis related diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. Once referred to as NIDDM or non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. 

Type 2 diabetes occurs when your kidneys do not function properly. 

Type 2 diabetes can develop at any age, even during childhood.

Type 2 diabetes may be treated with a healthy diet and exercise, while others may require medication. 

More than 30 million Americans have diabetes. More than 7 million Americans don’t even know they have the disease. Eighty-four (84) million Americans have pre-diabetes, and most don’t know they have it. 

Uncontrolled blood sugar levels can lead to severe problems:

Heart disease


Kidney disease

Eye problems

Nerve damage

Dental disease

Foot problems

Best practices to treat and control diabetes

1.  Decrease or stop using tobacco products altogether

2.  Manage AIC levels

3.  Exercise

4.  Maintain a healthy diet

5.  Take the medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor

Keep your appointments with your doctor and report any health changes, especially skin problems or wounds that won’t heal, changes in your sugar levels, or anything else out of the ordinary. Test your blood sugar as instructed by your doctor. Keep a record and log so you and your doctor and be aware of changes over time. Speak to your doctor if you need help obtaining supplies for testing your blood sugar. If you need assistance with learning how to use your blood sugar testing supplies, contact your doctor’s office or pharmacy. 

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